The BRICS group is still young as an organization, but has already proven its effectiveness. Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa are coordinating their policies on key international issues ever more closely, and are playing an active part in shaping a multipolar world order and developing modern models for the world’s financial and trading systems.
How would NATO deliver F-16s and where exactly would they be based? Neighboring Poland and Romania both operate these jets and already have the necessary infrastructure, making them the likeliest candidates for stopgap basing. In addition, Slovakia and Bulgaria are in the process of acquiring F-16s and are rapidly building similar infrastructure, meaning they too are able to do the same or at least they will be soon. However, will Russia really tolerate this, considering that F-16s using NATO airbases would make them a party to the conflict?
The BRICS’ Johannesburg II Declaration simply states that “the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) and BRICS cooperation presents opportunities for the continent to transition away from its historic role as a commodity exporter towards higher productivity value addition
Is there really a Russian-Chinese partnership in the Arctic? What is China’s role in the Arctic and how far does it go beyond climate change and environmental protection? These are some of the most hotly debated questions in Arctic security studies
Attacking Iran seems to be a very tempting prospect for Washington DC, as it would effectively "kill two birds with one stone" by making both SCO and BRICS+ look "weak" and unable (or even unwilling) to defend their new members. The US very likely believes this could be a deadly blow to the rapidly emerging multipolar world that will inevitably dismantle the existing "rules-based world order".